February 25, 2021

How to Use a Whetstone to Sharpen Knives

How to Use a Whetstone

Knowing how to use a whetstone to sharpen a knife helps you get close and intimate to the work. It also often results in a better sharpening—and, frankly, it just feels more satisfying!


You can sharpen your knives in any number of ways. There are electric sharpeners, filing systems, and belt systems. Many manufacturers even offer a sharpening service. Use that, however, and you have to mail your knives back to the plant and wait a few weeks for them to return. You could just learn how to do it yourself with a whetstone.

How to Use a Whetstone

Whetstones generally have two sides: coarse and fine grit. The coarse side works to pre-sharpen by grinding off the rough edge and any burrs. The fine grit side finishes off the work by working that dull blade into a super sharp edge.

Saturate the Whetstone

There’s not necessarily a consensus among knife sharpeners about whether or not to wet your whetstone. (If you want to have some fun—say “whetstone” to a knife enthusiast the way Stewey Griffen says “cool whip” .)

Some folks won’t use water and just go at it dry. Others like to use water or mineral oil. This reduces any heat caused by friction. We prefer to keep things lubed up. You could also simply follow the manufacturer recommendations.

To use a whetstone, submerge it in water for at least 5-10 minutes. A longer time period just ensures saturation. Some people we know soak their whetstone for a minimum of 24 hours.

How To Use A Whetstone

After saturating the whetstone, place it atop a mat or towel. You need something to keep the stone from sliding around while also trapping wayward water. Some manufacturers make stands or integrated holders. Those work great as well.

During sharpening, continue to apply water from time to time. As you work, particles from the stone will release. These small particles get trapped in the liquid and form an abrasive paste. Keep everything at a pretty runny consistency.

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Grind Time

Using the coarse side of the whetstone (wet stone), hold the blade at a 15-20° angle. It’s important to maintain the same angle the entire time you sharpen. Applying a light but even pressure, move the blade back and forth across the length of the stone. Depending on how dull your blade started, you probably need quite a few back and forth passes. To finish off, give the blade a couple of quick swipes on the corner of the stone to knock off any burrs.

How To Use A Whetstone

When the first side has sharpened up, flip the knife over and repeat the process with the other side of the blade.

After finishing the coarse grind, flip the whetstone over to the fine grit side. Repeat the exact same process on this side of the whetstone. Remember to always keep the blade angled consistently.

Wrapping It Up

Overall, using a whetstone isn’t rocket science. However, it takes some practice to get it right. Maintaining the angle while moving the knife makes up the biggest learning curve of this blade-sharpening method. Once you dial in a technique, you can start adjusting your angle for specific applications and steel blends that you have.

If you’re an old hand at sharpening knives, and have any tips and tricks for how to use a whetstone, feel free to add them in the comments section below.

Looking for a Less Manual Way to Sharpen a Knife?

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Jerry Albert

I use a Normark ceramic hone to keep my knives fine tuned. It is small with two crossed ceramic rods in a plastic holder. I’ve had this for years, so I don’t even know if it’s still being made. I got some good quality, but dull knives someone was throwing out, renewed the edge with my Dremel and finished with the Normark. I also have a couple oil stones in the basement for chisels and plane irons.

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